APPINIT.DLLis an implementation of AppInit_DLLs which are loaded and called when a Win32 application loads
%SystemRoot%\System32\User32.dlland Windows' module loader calls its
If permissions allow
APPINIT.DLL creates the file
%SystemRoot%\Debug\AppInit.log if it does not exist
and writes a
BOM, then appends the
command line returned from the Win32 function
and a terminating as well as separating
encoding to this file.
APPINIT.DLL is unloaded immediately after return from
access rights of the directory
allow only privileged users (
BUILTIN\Administrators) to create the file
The file's inherited access rights also allow only privileged users to write, but unprivileged users (
On Windows® Vista and newer versions of
Windows NT, file and directory operations of 32-bit
applications run by unprivileged users which fail due to missing
write access rights in
%SystemRoot%\ and below as well
"%ProgramFiles%\" and below, on
64-bit editions also
and below, are redirected to the directory
"%LOCALAPPDATA%\VirtualStore\", resulting in
Caveat: the file
AppInit.log can grow
Note: it can be cleared or erased any time.
Note: the command line a Win32
application receives from the Win32 function
can differ from the command line supplied by the caller:
The name of the executable in the command line that the operating system provides to a process is not necessarily identical to that in the command line that the calling process gives to the CreateProcess() function. The operating system may prepend a fully qualified path to an executable name that is provided without a fully qualified path.Additionally, when the Win32 functions
CreateProcessWithTokenW()are called using a command line with an unquoted
longfilename or pathname containing spaces (a well-known weakness: CWE-428: Unquoted Search Path or Element) they play try & error to guess the pathname of the executable:
[…] the module name must be the first white space-delimited token in the lpCommandLine string. If you are using a long file name that contains a space, use quoted strings to indicate where the file name ends and the arguments begin; otherwise, the file name is ambiguous. For example, consider the string "c:\program files\sub dir\program name". This string can be interpreted in a number of ways. The system tries to interpret the possibilities in the following order:In the latter three cases the command line is but modified too: Windows adds quotes around the part of the command line which forms the result of this
- c:\program.exe files\sub dir\program name
- c:\program files\sub.exe dir\program name
- c:\program files\sub dir\program.exe name
- c:\program files\sub dir\program name.exe
interpretationand yields the pathname of the executable if this contains a space.
APPINIT.DLLis called only from Win32 applications which load
Caveat: the MSDN article AppInit DLLs and Secure Boot documents that the AppInit_DLLs infrastructure is disabled since Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 when Secure Boot is enabled.
APPINIT.DLLis a pure Win32 DLL, written in ANSI C without the MSVCRT libraries, built with the platform SDK for Windows Server 2003 R2 for use on Windows 2000 and newer versions of Windows NT.
APPINIT.DLL is available for the I386
alias x86, AMD64 alias x64
and IA64 processor architectures of
APPINIT.DLLis digitally signed using an X.509 certificate issued by WEB.DE TrustCenter E-Mail Certification Authority.
Download and install the CA and root X.509 certificates of WEB.DE to validate and verify the digital signature.
-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY----- MIIBCgKCAQEAxSwxNrFPXXn6y5Abl+0pH7faIK0xVAh70reOBrwSykab/0kIwz0QJldXNTLl ZaSb4T7A5il2oqhiHUS53owsguXrDaJ+l+iTuCR/NrOVBJ0Xi+1Kv+ni/jb3cLvTS/BQJtFm fVW3HHtYrQQcYCpd/AVzg1k2p46BEbGfFpjfFREdM589UDSzaiIOWSEBec8RI3HVqIMiG2qL seuQot9shOcNcV2Y2AgTKHBUrWz10kbCWf8g5QA2hjmSMRvRtBOovCgvSF0nDFk4Odrn9nLB PVq763s2vh/riO9cheTeg4N/ldbnAywdjLAwwJ1qynh2p/s/V5cnsoav7SZRGDyAoQIDAQAB -----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
Note: the digital signature remains valid past the certificates expiration date due to its counter signature alias timestamp!
IA64\APPINIT.DLLand the setup script
APPINIT.INFare packaged in the (compressed and digitally signed) cabinet file
X:\> EXTRACT.EXE /D APPINIT.CAB Microsoft (R) Cabinet Extraction Tool - Version 5.1.2600.5512 Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.. Cabinet APPINIT.CAB 03-27-2017 6:39:02p A--- 12,913 APPINIT.INF 03-27-2017 6:35:54p A--- 31,848 AMD64\APPINIT.DLL 03-27-2017 6:36:06p A--- 31,336 I386\APPINIT.DLL 03-27-2017 6:35:46p A--- 35,944 IA64\APPINIT.DLL 4 Files 112,041 bytes X:\>Run the command line
"%SystemRoot%\System32\Expand.exe" /R APPINIT.CAB /F:* "‹target directory›"on Windows Vista and newer versions of Windows NT to extract all files into the specified directory, preserving their paths.
Expand.exefrom prior versions of Windows NT ignore the paths and junk them!
Extract.exefrom the Support Tools on Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 instead.
The setup script
copies the appropriate
%SystemRoot%\System32\APPINIT.DLL and creates the
entries to activate it:
Note: on systems with AMD64 alias x64 processor architecture the installation must be run in the native (64-bit) execution environment to install
REGEDIT4 [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows] "AppInit_DLLs"="C:\\Windows\\System32\\AppInit.dll" "LoadAppInit_DLLs"=dword:00000001 "RequireSignedAppInit_DLLs"=dword:00000000
APPINIT.DLLfor both processor architectures!
APPINIT.CABand verify its digital signature, then open it in Windows Explorer, extract its contents preserving the directory structure, right-click the extracted setup script
APPINIT.INFto display its context menu and click
Installto run the installation.
On Windows XP and Windows Server 2003
open the Add/Remove Programs applet of the
tick the checkbox
Updates, select the entry
Command Line Logger underneath
and click the
On Windows Vista and newer versions of
Windows NT open the Control Panel and
click the entry View installed updates underneath the
Programs and Features or Programs
In Installed Updates select the entry
Command Line Logger underneath
and click the
Uninstall menu entry.
Use the X.509 certificate to send S/MIME encrypted mail.
Notes: I dislike
even weirder formats too) in email, I prefer to receive plain text.
I also expect to see a full (real) name as sender, not a nickname!
Emails in weird formats and without a proper sender name are likely to be discarded.
I abhor top posts and expect inline quotes in replies.
as iswithout any warranty, neither express nor implied.